A guide on how to make your own supplements

Making capsules at home allows you to create customized formulations tailored to your specific needs. You can combine different ingredients and adjust dosages according to your individual health goals, preferences, or specific nutritional requirements.

Additionally, you can choose high-quality, pure ingredients, and avoid fillers, additives or allergens that might be present in commercial supplements.

Make your vitamin supplements step by step


  • Empty capsules: Purchase empty capsules in the desired size (commonly available in sizes 00, 0, and 1) made of vegetarian or gelatin material.
  • Fill material: The ingredient(s) you intend to fill the capsules with. The formulations can be powders, granules, herbs, oils, or other forms that can easily fit into the capsules.
  • Mortar and pestle: If your ingredients are not in a powder form, a mortar and pestle will help achieve a fine and consistent texture.
  • Storage container: You may need a pill organizer or dark glass container to store the filled capsules.

How to make your own supplements

  1. Prepare the ingredients.
  2. Separate the empty capsules.
  3. Fill the capsules by hand.
  4. Cap the capsules.
  5. Store the capsules.
Step 1
Prepare the ingredients

Put the ingredients thoroughly mixed and evenly distributed in a bowl. If needed, grind the ingredients into a fine powder using a mortar and pestle.

Prepare the ingredients.
Separate the empty capsules.
Step 2
Separate the empty capsules

Gently separate the empty capsules into their cap and body halves. Place them on a clean surface or in a small dish for easy access.

Step 3
Fill the capsules by hand

Fill the body (largest part), pushing it down into the filling material over and over until it feels pretty solid.

Fill the capsules by hand.
Cap the capsules.
Step 4
Cap the capsules

Take the cap half (shorter part) of the capsule and place it over the filled body, aligning the edges and snapping them together.

Step 5
Store the capsules

Place the filled capsules in a dark glass container or a pill organizer. Store them in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and moisture.

Store the capsules.

FAQs - DIY building your own supplements

If you are creating supplements for personal use, such as for yourself or your immediate family, the FDA generally allows for personal exemptions.
However, if you plan to manufacture and sell your own supplements, additional regulations come into play.

Starting your own supplement brand involves several steps. Here is a general outline of the process:

  1. Research and Planning.
  2. Product Formulation.
  3. Establish a Legal Entity.
  4. Manufacturing and Quality Control.
  5. Product Labeling and Packaging.
  6. Compliance with FDA Regulations.
  7. Marketing and Distribution.

Yes, in the United States, it is possible to make your own supplements and sell them. However, there are specific regulations and requirements that you need to comply with to ensure legal and compliant operations.

In the United States, dietary supplements do not require FDA approval before they can be sold to consumers. However, the FDA does regulate the manufacturing, labeling, and marketing of dietary supplements to ensure their safety and accurate representation to consumers.

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